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Previous Projects


OhaloThe Ohalo II fisher-hunter-gatherers' submerged camp was found in 1989 after a long drought, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee. Dated by 14C to an average 19,500 B.P. (calibrated ca. 23,000 B.P.). Due to excellent preservation conditions under the water, the remains of daily activities in the camp have been discovered in situ. These include the remains of the oldest brush huts ever found in the world, concentrations of open-air hearths, a human grave and other installations. Hundreds of thousands of charred seeds/fruits, animal bones and flints were discovered on the brush huts' floors and around open-air hearths. The excavations were directed by Prof. Dani Nadel.

Ein Hilu

Hilu Ein Hilu is a Chalcolithic site located in the Jordan Valley 15 km south of Beth Shan. Dr. S. Bar leads the excavations of the site with the aim of uncovering the remains of a Ghassulian village - the first to be excavated in the western part of the Jordan Valley in the desert fringes of Samaria.


JerusalemWide range excavations in Jerusalem were conducted by Prof. Ronny Reich on behalf of the Zinman Institute of Archaeology together with his partner, Eli Shukron from the IAA.

Bedat Esh-Sha'ab and Yafit

Bidat ShaabThe two sites are located in the Jordan valley. Built at the bottom of a rocky hill, each represents a large elliptic temenos enclosed by a sandal-shaped stone wall. The sites were founded in the early Iron Age I and kept functioning, without any architectural changes, during Iron Age II. The finds, along with the Biblical source (Psalms 78, 60), allows us to identify these unique sites as cultic oriented centers used for gatherings and public assemblies. The excavations were directed by Dr. Dror Ben-Yosef.

Tabun Cave

Tabun CaveOne of the longest occupation sequences is found at Tabun cave, spanning some three-quarters of a million years. The transition from Lower to Middle Palaeoilithic is best documented here, which makes Tabun the type site for the Near East. One of the most ancient burials, some 100,000 years old, was discovered here, , reflecting the beginning of religious thought. We may further note that Tabun is the only site where two human populations, Neanderthals and early modern humans co-existed roughly contemporaneously, around 100,000 years ago. The excavations at the cave are directed by Prof. Avraham Ronen.

Nahal Bet-'HaEmeq

 Nahal Bet-'HaEmeq The aqueduct of Nahal Bet Ha-'Emeq was discovered by the Western Galilee Team of the Archaeological Survey of Israel in the 1970's and a section of the aqueduct is currently being excavated. The survey was directed by Dr. Rafael Frankel as are the excavations which commenced in 2000 and carried out by schoolchildren and other youth groups. To date, the aqueduct has been excavated for a length of c. 250 m.

The Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa, 199 Aba-Hushi Avenue, Haifa, Israel 3498838
Tel: +972-4-8249392 | Fax: +972-4-8249876 | E-mail: arch@research.haifa.ac.il | Department of Archaeology
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